More colleges are struggling financiallyLincoln College in Lincoln, Illinois, closed at the end of the spring semester.”Lincoln College has been serving students from across the globe for more than 157 years,” President David Gerlach said. “The loss of history, careers and a community of students and alumni is immense.”The San Francisco Art Institute closed after 150 years. Marymount California University in Rancho Palos Verdes and Becker College in Worcester, Massachusetts, also recently shut their doors. As have other institutions across the country.New Jersey City UniversityPhoto Courtesy: Stepanstas | Wikipedia CCThe number of colleges closing down in the past 10 years has quadrupled compared with the previous decade, according to a report in The Wall Street Journal.Heading into the 2022-2023 academic year, New Jersey City University declared a financial emergency.”A national trend of declining enrollment for college-aged students has resulted in a long-term erosion in the university’s ability to operate,” said Joseph Scott, chair of the Jersey City, New Jersey, school’s board of trustees, in a statement.Funding cuts have created a ‘crunch’ for smaller schoolsAt the same time, deep cuts in state funding for higher education have pushed more of the costs on to students and paved the way for significant tuition increases.Meanwhile, college costs are still rising. Tuition and fees plus room and board for a four-year private college averaged $55,800 in the 2021-2022 school year; at four-year, in-state public colleges, it was $27,330, according to the College Board.Zoom In IconArrows pointing outwards”The real issue is that federal support for students and state support for students has been declining,” said Barbara Mistick, president of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities. “It’s inevitable there will be a crunch somewhere along the line.”Not all schools are struggling, however. In fact, the country’s most elite institutions are faring better than ever.Smaller, less selective schools — and those serving low- and middle-income students — have been the hardest hit.Nobody is doing anything to improve affordability, and universities are going to continue to suffer.Hafeez Lakhanifounder and president of Lakhani Coaching”If those schools are closed, you are going to have a real gap in access,” Mistick said.College is becoming a path for only those with the means to pay for it, other reports also show. “The real challenge is that high school students are looking for an affordable school,” she said.Consider a college’s finances before you enrollIf college is on the horizon, applicants would be wise to look into a school’s financial standing, Mistick advised. “Do research, know the community you are joining,” she said. “Talk to students on campus, talk to faculty before you enroll.”There may be other consequences of a college’s financial distress that could affect your education or degree.To stay afloat, some colleges have cut faculty and slashed areas of academic study, including programs in sociology, creative writing, music and religion.”Entire philosophy departments, history departments are closing down,” Lakhani said.Subscribe to CNBC on YouTube.